For the final week of lectures we covered additional tools, such as E-publishing, WordPress, and Automation.
EPUB is for electronic books publishing in a popular open-source format, which means the ePublishing books can be read on many eReaders, even though those who didn’t use EPUB. For example, Sigil which is a free open-source EPUB creation program available for PC as well as Mac. The CodeAcademy, ibooks author Calibre or project Gutenberg have the same function as Sigil used for free ebooks publishing. In addition, the Scrivener, as a commercial word-processing program designed for writers provides a management system for documents, notes and metadata, which allows the user to keep track of notes, concepts, research and whole documents for reference and can be used as part of a workflow to produce .ePub files or eBooks.
The wordpress.org is a bit different to the wordpress.com, which app should be installed on one own server or hosting and used to create a more powerful website on one own hosting account.
The topic covered in week 11’s lecture was using social media as promotional tools, it is not only restricted to originally application between broadcaster and the public but also enables communication in two ways similar to a discussion.
There are loads of various types of social media that are preferred with individuals in their day to day lives, such as Facebook as community building and Twitter
Social media can be used for a wide variety of benefits and with a large array of objectives, such as promoting yourself or certain products for sale to the public, and for other reasons such as giving or receiving feedback, constructing and sharing content, and even directing traffic to a specific website.
For week 9s lecture we covered copyright and property regarding publications and digital media.
Copyright is an implemented way of enabling an individual who has made works, to safeguard their work and allow them special rights regarding their work for a certain period of time. It can be divided into 2 sections of work. The underlying work which is the original work made by the individual and then the derivative work which is an expressive creation of the original work that posseses some copyrighted material from the work made. These can both be copyrighted individually. An example of derivative works would be cinematic adaptations.
Occasionally, people have to be cautious of using pictures or audio files from the internet, as only some images can be used freely, the image search tools on Google can be altered to in order to identify which photos are not copyrighted.
The Public Domain refers to work that was under exclusive copyright laws but that these laws have now expired or forfeited. If you use someone’s work it is very important to cite where you got the information or image
Our week 8 lecture showed us various image formats, picture metadata and the contrast between print and screen.
Possibly the simplest type of photograph to take is a screen capture image which can be used in emails and adding an image of a website or picture to a document, It can be carried out numerous ways such as by hitting the print screen key on your keyboard.
Then, there was something related to image formats. one image file consists of pixels, vector data, or a combination of the two. The image saving formats including compressed and uncompressed file format. When the quality of an image is required highly, lossless algorithms are a better choice. Because lossless compression algorithms only reduced the size without losing image quality when compared with lossy compression algorithms which take advantage of the inherent limitations of the human eye and discard invisible information.
For week 7s lecture we were given one of our last main assignments, which was to construct a digital presentation, which I completed and posted on the Presentation page on my blog. The presentation had to consist of 10 to 20 slides on a specific topic of the module that we each individually found of interest, I chose the art of blogging as I have recently started to do some personal blogging in order to share my experiences.
We were shown how to construct presentations using Prezi.com, it is a virtual whiteboard that transforms presentations from monologues into conversations: enabling people to see, understand, and remember ideas. here is my link to my Prezi presentation, enjoy.
This week we discovered how to edit an image using various forms of image editing software. Some of the key features concerning altering or editing pictures are, Cropping, Rotating, Resizing, Retouching and Colour Correction. So I chose an image that required reconstructing and using the Picasa software fixed it up and made it presentable, see below, before and after
Week 5’s lecture consisted of an overview of the key points of our last lecture such as how to download and install Audacity, selecting the correct operating system, downloading LAME to export files as MP3 and a recap of how to use Audacity’s features such as removing background noise and compressing to add or reduce dynamic range. I however was already familiar with all of this from working on my Podcast throughout the week.
We were then shown how to go about setting up a PodOmatic account. PodOmatic is a website that allows its users to easily find create, distribute and listen to both audio and video podcasts, after the lecture I set up my PodOmatic account and uploaded my MP3 audio file, that I had previously created and edited through Audacity, to my new account and gave the Podcast a cover image. The following is a hyperlink to My Podcast. I did not upload this to iTunes as I was unable to download it.
The photography assignment for this week was to take before and after pictures to demonstrate how changing between portrait and landscape displays can improve the framing of an image. See below,
Weeks 4’s lecture consisted of learning about capturing and editing recordings, an overview of topics included, audio files and formats, recording devices, and learning about, and how to eventually go about installing Audacity. This lecture served as an introduction to audio recording and served as a great aid for starting my assignment.
An audio file format is a format that enables digital audio data to be stored on computers, the data can be compressed or uncompressed, compression reduces the size of the file and thus decreases the amount of storage space needed. the most common and well known lossy audio file type is MP3. Other audio formats include, WAV, AIFF and OGG Vorbis.
We also learned about Audacity which is a free, open source software for recording and editing sounds. We were shown how to download and install the correct version of Audacity for each of our individual computer system and Lame, which enables users to export files as MP3 files.
After the lecture I installed both Audacity and Lame, and decided what the audio file I create would consists off, I chose to do a reading of the poem ”A Dream Within A Dream” by Edgar Allan Poe. I recorded and edited my audio through Audacity, trimmed certain areas and removed any ambient noise using the software and then exported the file as an MP3 file.
Week 4’s photography assignment was to demonstrate the affect of shutter speed on a moving subject, show the difference between a high and low shutter speed of an identical image from the same point of view.
Both images below are identical, except the image on the left was taken with a low shutter speed, as a result the falling water appears blurry and unclear, in contrast the image on the right was taken with a high shutter speed and individual falling water droplets can be seen as a result.
This weeks lecture was predominantly concerned with digital photography, topics covered regarding this subject included, the history of photography, the cameras capabilities and settings, how to take a better picture, camera types and the limitations and benefits of digital photography.
All the information was completely new to me, I have had little to no experience using cameras, and yet the parts of the lecture that I found most intriguing were regarding depth of field and the significant effect, changes in aperture and shutter speed can have on the perspective of an image. I did have trouble getting my head around the fact that the smaller the aperture, the greater the focal depth and therefore the higher the f-stop at first. I found it interesting how aperture and shutter speed can work and be adjusted together, in order to achieve a desired image.
As a result of the lecture I borrowed a friends camera as I do not yet own one, to adjust the various settings and see how the alterations affect and can entirely change different pictures that I took. I found the capabilities of the camera I used to capture such minor details such as droplets of water, increased tremendously as shutter speed settings were increased, and how a low shutter speed could create an entirely different style of image.
Below are two identical pictures I took using my friends, ”Canon” camera, in the first one I adjusted the aperture so it was wide open, i.e. low f-stop, as a result the background is slightly blurred and out of focus. In the image to the right I altered the aperture so it was narrow i.e. high f-stop, and as a result the background and overall image are in greater focus. I expected an even greater difference in focus between the two photos then I achieved, and I think the actual result may be due to limitations of the camera.
Our second IS30240 lecture was full of numerous intriguing ideas concerning successful web design topics including HTML, page layout, web navigation, and gestalt in web design.
HTML (Hyper Text Language Markup) is a consistent computer language used to depict browser pages with regards to font, color and and graphic output. In other words, HTML is basically the code that enables web pages to run successfully. Codeacademy is an example of the numerous sites where people can learn to write code and create websites.
We learned about page layout and the importance of the laws of gestalt, which are followed by the majority of webpages, such as the ”law of similarity and symmetry”, ”law of good continuation”, and law of uniform connections”.
Web navigation focuses predominantly on menus. Navigation through menu options should be direct and understandable for all individuals.
Those were the main topics I came away from the lecture with a better understanding for and an appreciation of their importance, when it comes to web design and publishing.